The semicolon leads a hard life: ignored by most, scorned by others, misunderstood by many. Who can blame it if it creates trouble for some of us?
I’m here to defend the semicolon as a useful member of the family of punctuation marks. I’m also here to answer the questions:
- What is a semicolon?
- Where should a semicolon be used in a sentence?
A semicolon is a punctuation mark that looks like this:
It has two very important uses in business writing:
- To connect two closely related sentences that are not connected by a conjunction (conjunctions = and, but, or, nor, yet, so).
- To separate items in a series (series = two or more) when the items already contain commas
Examples of two closely related sentences connected with a semicolon:
Jessie left early; however, Galen stayed until 5 p.m.
These pearls look genuine; nevertheless, they are costume jewelry.
Deliver these boxes to the main office; then take your lunch.
Yes, all the semicolons in the examples above could be changed to periods, making each example two short sentences. However, if you want to connect the two short sentences so that your reader sees them as one unit, use a semicolon, as I did. No other punctuation mark can do that job for you.
Examples of items in series that already contain commas:
The subscribers came from Raleigh, North Carolina; Tucson, Arizona; Fort Meade, Maryland; and East Syracuse, New York.
The panel was composed of Dr. David Wells, Cardiology; Dr. Phyllis Watts, Endocrinology; and Dr. Ricardo Sanchez, Gerontology.
Compare these examples that do not need semicolons:
The subscribers came from Raleigh, Tucson, Fort Meade, and East Syracuse.
The panel was composed of Dr. David Wells, Dr. Phyllis Watts, and Dr. Ricardo Sanchez.
Although the sentences directly above do not need semicolons, the ones with the city/states and person/affiliations do need them. No other punctuation marks can do that job.
Have you realized that the semicolon is your friend in business writing? Just spend some time with it. In fact, why not use a semicolon (or two or three) in a sentence today?
I know I’ll use one; in fact, I just did!
Alternate search spellings: puntuation, punctuaton, punctuaiton, punctutaion, puncatution, smeicolon, seicolon