One fowl, foul, fell swoop?

Have you ever heard the phrase “one fowl swoop” or “one foul swoop”? It is usually used to explain an event taking place very suddenly and all at once. But why did this become a saying? Does it have something to do with birds? Let’s look into it!

Originally, the phrase was actually “one fell swoop.” It might have been created by Shakespeare, or maybe he just made it popular. This phrase first appeared in Act 4, scene 3 of Macbeth. In this scene, Macduff just learned that his family was killed. He says,” O hell-kite . . . all my pretty chickens, and their dam, At one fell swoop?” 

A graphic showing a quote from MacBeth: "” O hell-kite . . . all my pretty chickens, and their dam, At one fell swoop?”  to show the origins of the phrase of "One Fell Swoop," also now used as "One Foul Swoop"

It’s interesting that Shakespeare talks about birds like a kite and chickens, but he doesn’t use the phrase “fowl swoop” (nor “foul swoop”). He says, “fell swoop.” Fell can mean something evil. It has the same source as a felon, a wicked person.

Therefore, “one fell swoop” meant a sudden, terrible attack. Over the years, the evil part of it faded away, and it came to mean, simply, all at once.

Related: Is it Bear With Me or Bare With Me?


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