Close this search box.

How to Say No in Writing

Do you know how to say no? Are you comfortable writing a message that says no to someone’s request? Or do you ignore requests hoping they will go away? Read this post to learn the easy way to say no–and why to say it.

Background: In the past year I have joined the board of a wonderful nonprofit organization, New Dawn Guatemala, which provides scholarships for Guatemalan youth in a town called Nuevo Amanecer. The scholarships help the youth stay in Guatemala and find reasonable (not backbreaking) jobs.

I have emailed a couple of friends asking whether their church might want to offer an educational program on New Dawn Guatemala. No response. I have emailed a couple of friends inviting them personally (not in a group email) to attend a New Dawn fundraiser. No response.

Not getting any response made me wonder whether my friends received my messages or were simply too busy to respond. I wrote to them again. Still, no response.

Here’s my guess about what’s going on: My friends don’t want to say no.

I will follow up when I see them, but for now that’s my theory: They don’t want to tell me no.

Sure, I would like it if they said yes. But receiving a no would be a gift to me. It would:

  • Reassure me that my friends received my message.
  • Let me know how they feel about my request.
  • Inform me about whether some circumstance–perhaps in the future–would encourage them to say yes.
  • Maintain our happy relationship.

My book Business Writing With Heart: How to Build Great Work Relationships One Message at a Time has a chapter titled “Say No Clearly and Courageously.” The ideas below come from that chapter. As you read them and the examples, think about a personal or professional situation in which you may have to say no.

The Required Parts of a No Message

  • A neutral or positive opening
  • A clearly stated or strongly implied no
  • A positive or professional close

Sometimes all you need is the three parts above, as in this brief email from a pianist to a young violinist:

Hi Eva [neutral or positive opening]

I regret that I won’t be able to accompany you on April 11 [clearly stated no].

Hope all is well with you and that you are enjoying your senior year [positive close].

Best wishes,


Depending on the situation, you may want to expand the message by adding one or more of these optional parts:

  • An explanation for the no
  • An offer of an alternative
  • A brief apology

Here’s a no message to a potential customer who has asked for a free sample:

Dear Ms. Powell:

Thank you for writing to us and requesting a sample from our catalog. We were happy to hear from you [positive opening].

We do not provide free samples. However, if you order a sample product and are not satisfied with it, we will refund the cost of the item, along with the shipping costs you paid. You will not pay anything unless you choose to keep the item [clearly stated no with an offer of an alternative].

Please call or email us if you have questions. We look forward to receiving your order by phone, by email, or online [positive, professional close].

Best wishes,

Todd _____, Customer Service Representative
[Contact information]


Here’s a no in a stickier situation, when a coworker makes an inappropriate request to use another person’s security badge:

Hi Larry [positive or neutral opening],

I got your message about my key card. Sorry, I can’t lend it out [clearly stated no with a brief apology].

If you need to get into the Preston Building on the weekend, ask Eleanor for advice. I know she has arranged with Security for other people to enter on weekends [an offer of an alternative].

Best [professional close],



It’s essential to state the no clearly, or the recipient of the message may be confused. Here’s an unclear no:

Hi Cheri,

I received your message about taking PTO [paid time off] on Friday. Cassy and Fleur are scheduled to take that day off.


This version removes the doubt:

Hi Cheri,

I received your message about taking PTO on Friday. Because Cassy and Fleur are scheduled to take that day off, I cannot approve your request. I am sorry it did not work out this time.


Here’s another example that includes an apology. In fact, it includes all six parts of a no message.

Hi Dave,

I am glad you are getting web traffic and conversions on your site. That’s great [positive opening]!

I am sorry I cannot do updates on your site until I receive payment for the work I have done so far [clearly stated no with a brief apology]. Our contract stipulates payment within 30 days, yet my invoice for $390 is more than one month past due [brief explanation for the no].

As soon as I receive your check or credit card information for the payment, I will be glad to implement the updates you requested [offer of an alternative].

Best [professional close],



Notice that in all the examples above, the writer never shames or embarrasses the reader. Even in Susan’s message directly above, she does not criticize Dave for non-payment. She merely states the fact.


Back to my friends and New Dawn Guatemala. Here are a few ways they could respond and communicate a no:

Example 1:

Hi Lynn,

Thanks for the invitation to the New Dawn fundraiser. It sounds like a very worthwhile organization!

Unfortunately, Dana and I are maxed out on fundraisers right now. But please keep us on your list for future opportunities. We always enjoy knowing what you are up to.

Warm wishes,

Example 2:

Hi Lynn,

New Dawn Guatemala sounds like an interesting organization. That said, I don’t think it’s a good fit for my church’s current programming. We are all about celebrating our 100th anniversary. If I become aware of a change, I will let you know.

I look forward to seeing you soon!


Example 3:

Hi Lynn,

Thanks for thinking of me. My schedule is too full to attend this event, but I would be happy to make a contribution to such an important cause. I will go online later on today and contribute.


When you say no to your friends, coworkers, customers, employees, and others, it may feel uncomfortable. But the discomfort is short-lived. Both you and the other person can move on once you communicate the no. However, not saying no can lead to confusion, doubt, and misunderstandings.

Posted by Avatar photo
By Lynn Gaertner-Johnston

Lynn Gaertner-Johnston has helped thousands of employees and managers improve their business writing skills and confidence through her company, Syntax Training. In her corporate training career of more than 20 years, she has worked with executives, engineers, scientists, sales staff, and many other professionals, helping them get their messages across with clarity and tact.

A gifted teacher, Lynn has led writing classes at more than 100 companies and organizations such as MasterCard, Microsoft, Boeing, Nintendo, REI, AARP, Ledcor, and Kaiser Permanente. Near her home in Seattle, Washington, she has taught managerial communications in the MBA programs of the University of Washington and UW Bothell. She has created a communications course, Business Writing That Builds Relationships, and provides the curriculum at no cost to college instructors.

A recognized expert in business writing etiquette, Lynn has been quoted in "The Wall Street Journal," "The Atlantic," "Vanity Fair," and other media.

Lynn sharpened her business writing skills at the University of Notre Dame, where she earned a master's degree in communication, and at Bradley University, with a bachelor's degree in English.

8 comments on “How to Say No in Writing”

  • This could also work great (short version) with birthday party invitations. I always have parents who don’t respond then show up or don’t show up and I cannot give the venue a proper head count. Plus I don’t know how much I’ll pay for the party so my budgeting is almost always thrown off. Sigh.

  • Hi Laura,

    That’s a great example of when a simple no message would help the other person. Thanks for sharing it.


  • Hi Judi,

    Thanks for your comment and for echoing Laura’s concern. I hope it gets people’s attention. Perhaps I need to do another post on the importance of providing an RSVP.


  • Thanks for this insightful post, Lynn. We have experienced that awkward silence of the non-response before. I think it feels worse than a no in certain situations, like yours for example. Thanks for tackling this social situation head-on. Also, Laura’s comment made me realize another thing that seems to have changed. RSVP means “respond please,” but I think people have come to interpret it as “respond if you’re coming but don’t if you’re not.” That puts “power” in the invitee’s hands to change their mind at the last minute if they want to. Problem is, I’m sure most don’t then notify the host that they are indeed coming.

  • I am frustrated when people do not take time to respond to my emails. I don’t expect to get a quick reply but being ignored bother me. It bothers me more than receiving a no.

  • Hi Emmanuelle,

    Email correspondents can be so frustrating! The other day I wrote to someone with a request. She wrote back telling me she needed the details, including the time of day. All the details–includng the time– were in the email! The time was even in my first sentence. I ended up calling her instead.

    That said, sometimes I realize that I myself have read an email too fast, or ignored one.

    Thanks for commenting.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *